The application developers have always faced a dilemma while choosing the operating system for their application server. There are several server operating systems available in the market, each of which has its own advantages and disadvantages. It is extremely important to know the pros and cons of each server operating system so that the server administrators can choose the best one according to the requirements. However, according to the market trends, the most popular server operating system in use today is the Linux server.
The basic advantage is the cost of maintaining a Linux server is relatively low. It has been observed that the complete process of installing, maintaining and supporting a server running on Linux operating system is extremely cost-effective, which is most desirable in small-scale applications.
Most of the proprietary server operating systems are single user software, where the OS can be installed for a single user on a single machine.
On the other hand Linux can be installed on any number of computers. Moreover, Linux is considered to be extremely advanced as far as security is concerned. Therefore installing a Linux OS for your server has as an added advantage that you do not need to invest separately on protecting the server from viruses and other malicious attacks. There are very few viruses written for the Linux operating system, and more importantly, most of them are filtered out by the security features of Linux.
The other most important advantage of using Linux is the freedom of choices that it provides.
It gives a lot of choices to the users in terms of tools and applications as it is an open source product where developers from all over the world contribute on a daily basis. As a result, there are a lot of software applications and tools which can be used for server administration and other activities. As an instance, in case of the text editors, Linux has five popular text editors to choose from.
The hardware dependency on Linux is relatively lower than other operating systems as it can optimize performance on systems with low specifications. In fact there are certain infrastructures based on Linux, where a lot of thin clients can be run together as a distributed server.
The final decision to choose the server for the application depends on the requirements and other factors like development tools which are to be used. However, it is a better decision to go for a Linux-based server due to its enhanced security features and freedom in server administration duties.
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